Sozni & Chain Stitch

 

 

Shawls from Kashmir are popular because of the embroidery done on them. The craftsmen of Kashmir, to beautify shawls use different stitches. Sozni or fine needlework is generally done on the side of the shawls. The value of the shawl is determined by the amount and quality of the embroidery. The traditional Kashmiri dress; Phiran is also endowed with rich embroidery. The finest embroidery from Kashmir can be found on Pashmina shawls. Sometimes the entire surface of these shawls is covered with fine embroidery.

Chain stitch is popular in Kashmir and is done using wool, cotton or silk thread. A hook is used instead of a needle, as it covers more area than a needle. Embroidery is done on a piece of plain white cloth and small stitches are used to create figures and motifs in bright colours. The background is also made up of a series of embroidered coin shaped circles, which add dynamism to the entire structure of the work. Chain stitch is used to create chain stitch rugs or Gabbas.