Textile Printing

 

 

Textile printing is one of the procedure of textile decoration.Textile printing requires the correct coordination between the printing machinery support and the human skill for producing the best of the results. Textile printing uses various printing techniques of which screen printing is most predominant.

  • Screen printing was previously known as silk screening which refers to the printing technique that utilizes a stencil or a porous fabric to create a sharp edged image. Nowadays it is very popular both in fields of commercial printing and fine arts. Because of its advantage of low cost and ability to print on many mediums it is preferred over other processes like dye sublimation or inkjet printing. It started off during the First World War as an industrial process used primarily for printing flags and banners. Guy Mc Roy was the pioneer of screen printing technique. The greatest advantage of screen printing is that it possesses more versatility than any other traditional printing techniques.
  • Block Printing --- It was first developed in china. In this technique , first an original needs to be created ,then block with ink is used to create duplicates which involves a wide variety of skilled crafts men
  • Ink jet printing - In this technique the intended pattern along with the individual color is formed by projecting small drops of ink which are special dye liquors in predetermined micro arrays onto the surface of the substrate.
  • Hand printing----- This is earliest form of printing used for the purpose of increasing the decorative value of textiles. This is the traditional technique of tie and dye.
  • Spray Printing----In this technique, a spray gun is used to force the color through a screen and electro coating is used to apply a patterned pile.
  • Tie and dye--- this is particularly done on bright colors. This technique involves tying up of both wrap and weft threads where original color needs to be retained and then dyed.
  • Kalamkari ---- It is an exclusive and ancient craft done on textile fabrics. Kalamkari derives its name from the word Kalam which means Pen and Kari means Work and thus it means Pen Work. This art undergoes the laborious process of resist dyeing and hand printing.
  • Batik---- It is the procedure of dyeing the fabric by using the resist technique which covers the areas of the cloth to prevent it from color absorption by using a dye resistant substance.
  • Printing with the use of mordant is another technique of textile printing. Mordants are chemicals that absorb dye.