Textile Museum


Textile refers to a flexible material comprising of a network of natural or artificial fibers, known as yarn. Textiles are formed by weaving , knitting, crocheting, knotting and pressing fibers together. Textile Museum is that specialized category of museum which primarily preserves different types of textile and textile products.

Textile forms an intrinsic part of human civilization and thus it enjoys a rich heritage all over the world. Textile Museums are dedicated for proper understanding of the creative achievements of human race in textile art. Textile museums often organize exhibitions of various high quality products. Textile Museums are mostly dedicated for proper understanding of creative achievements of human race.

In the ancient times the most important aspect of textiles or more precisely cloth in Africa was that cloth was used as form of money. The width of cloth strip was usually standardized in each region of Africa and therefore there used to be a regular number of such standard length cloth strips required to make a woman’s wrapper cloth. This would then be used to serve as the unit of value. Cloth was a convenient form of money primarily because it was used by everybody, fairly durable and easily sub dividable.

Though textile has great social relevance in Africa, but to the majority of textile workers, more than any other aspect of textile it is primarily an occupation.

Predominant Textile Museums of the World

  • The American Textile Museum depicts America’s heritage through art, history and science of textile. In 1972 this museum was accredited as one of the 17 original museums in the country by the American Association of Museum. This museum is actively involved in supporting research, hosting conferences, organizing exhibitions and public programmes. This museum since its inception in 1970 has reoriented its name and mission and relocated to its present home in Lowell, Massachusetts.
  • The Textile Museum of Canada was founded by Max Allan and Simon Waegemaeker in 1975 which is dedicated to collection, exhibition and research of textiles from all over the world and encourages more comprehensive understanding of human heritage and identity through textiles. Currently this museum possesses more than 12000 pieces which represents 200 countries and regions.
  • Nantong Textile Museum was established in 1985. It is the first special textile museum in China and stands out for the uniqueness of its exhibited items.
  • The Calico Museum of Textile was founded in 1949, in the heart of the textile city, Ahmedabad, Gujarat. The treasure of this museum exhibits comprise of finest woven, spun, painted or printed fabrics collected from various parts of India
  • Japanese textile museum ‘Yukari’ possesses an excellent collection of wide range of old wooden looms, spinning wheels and other implements of traditional textile industry.
  • The Fashion and Textile Museum enjoys an excellent location in London, England, one of the premier fashion capitals of the world. The uniqueness of this museum lies in the fact that it displays the talent of local and international fashion and textile designers.