Textile Mills



Textile refers to a flexible material comprising of a network of natural or artificial fibers, known as yarn. Textiles are formed after the process of weaving , knitting, crocheting, knotting and pressing fibers together. Textile Mills refers to manufacturing plants for making textile fabric and products.

Textile Mill Industry is one of the largest industries in India.

It approximately provides employment to almost 10 lakh workers. A huge number of associated industries also depend on the textile sector. The Indian textile mill industries went through a process of phenomenal growth for the past four decades.

Conditions of the Indian Textile Mills

For the past few years the sickness and consequent closure of textile mills has been a matter of great concern in our country.

The primary reasons behind this are:


  • The primary reason behind the sickness is structural transformation leading to composite units in organized loosing ground to power looms in decentralized sector due to greater cost effectiveness.
  • Low productivity due to lack of adequate modernization
  • Stagnation in demand
  • Inability of certain units to expand in national and international market
  • Increase in cost of input
  • Inadequate working capital

Government of India took initiative to take adequate measures to tackle this problem.

  • Board for industrial and Financial Reconstruction ( BIFR) was set up to detect sickness and the sick companies.
  • Textile Workers' Rehabilitation Fund Scheme (TWRFS) was set up to tackle the problems.

Few Leading Indian Textile Mills

  • Adarsh Textile Mills : Manufacturer and exporter of good quality woolen and synthetic blankets
  • Amritsar Swadeshi Woolen Mills : Pioneer in manufacturing heavy woolen yarn and largest manufacturer of fabric
  • Aroon Mills : Manufacture of textile auxiliaries
  • Mohan Thread Mills : Manufacturer of high quality embroidery yarn and threads

Products of Textile Mills

Textile Mills usually produces both yarn products and fabric products.

Yarn Products

  • Cotton yarns
  • Blended yarn
  • Synthetic yarn
  • Specialty yarn

Fabric Products

  • Woven fabrics
  • Knitted fabrics
  • Grey and dyed fabrics