Textile Industry


The term ‘Textile' is a Latin word which cones from the word ‘texere' which means ‘to weave'. Textile originally referred to a woven fabric but latter on the term textile as well as the plural textiles refers to fibers, filaments and yarns.Textile industry occupies a significant position in our country. In India, this industry enjoys a rich past.

The primary contribution of textile industry :

  • Export earning for the country, textile industry occupies16% of the country's export earning.
  • Generating employment, second largest employment generator after agricultural sector
  • Industrial output sums up to 14% of total industrial production and approximately contributes to 30 % of total export products.

The primary sectors which comprise of the textile industry

  • Man made fiber mill textile mill industry
  • Filament yarn industry
  • Deconcentrated power loom sector
  • Woolen textile industry
  • Silk industry
  • Jute industry
  • Handicraft industry

Advantages and Limitations of Textile Industry

Indian textile industries enjoy certain favorable factors which contribute in retaining its leading position in national and international scenario. These factors can be fully utilized to ensure further growth and development.

  • Large raw material base including cotton , wool , silk , jute and other man made fibers.
  • Huge capacity of production
  • Easy accessibility to large scale skilled man power
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Flexible production process
  • But there are certain limitations as well which constrict the pace of growth in textile sector.
  • The whole industry is split up
  • Cotton quality
  • Limitation and hazards in procedure of processing
  • Labor reform problems
  • Infrastructural limitations and bottlenecks

Major products of textile industries

  • Awnings, textile
  • Blankets
  • Bags or sacks, textile
  • Blinds, textile
  • Canvas goods, textile
  • Fabrics, textile
  • Felts ( except floor coverings)
  • Glass fiber fabric
  • Household linen
  • Lace
  • Narrow fabric
  • Netting, textile
  • Piece goods
  • Ropes (except wire ropes)
  • Sail cloth
  • Sewing thread
  • String
  • Tarpaulin
  • Thread
  • Towels
  • Trimmings, textile
  • Yarns
  • Main aspects of Textile industry
  • Textile apparel which includes clothing and garment
  • Textile fabric
  • Fibers, yarns and threads
  • Textile chemical
  • Textile products
  • Textile machinery
  • Textile services

Considering the significance and contribution of textile sector in national economy, initiative and efforts are being made to take urgent and adequate steps to attract investment and encourage wide spread development and growth in this sector.