Textile Finishing

 

 

Finishing refers to the series of operations which results in final production of textile fabric from greige goods. Textile finishing comprise of the final. Wet processing in which the size and other ingredients are applied to the textile fabric to give specific characteristics like softness, stiffness or water proofing etc.Finishing wet process is usually done in finishing plants which are thermal energy intensive involving huge quantities of hot water from 120 to 200°F for the purpose of desizing, scouring, bleaching, mercizing, dyeing, washing and rinsing.

Common Types of Textile Finishing

  • Softening finishes
  • Hand building finishes
  • Easy-care and durable press finishes of cullulosics
  • Repellant finishes
  • Soil-release finishes
  • Flame-retardant finishes
  • Non-slip finishes
  • Antistatic finishes
  • Anti-pilling finishes
  • Elastomeric finishes
  • Finishes to improve color fastness
  • Ultra violet finishes
  • Antimicrobial finishes
  • Insect resist and mite protection finishes
  • Finishing with enzymes
  • Novel finishes

Chemical Textile Finishing

The finishing activities in different types of textile manufacturing requires a comprehensive range of chemicals which are used for textile finishing purpose. Chemical finishes of textile products primarily deals with the wide range of effects that directly results from the action and reaction between the chemicals and the textile finishing products.

Textile finishing requires a wide range of chemicals.

  • Textile softeners
  • Desizing agents
  • Scouring agents
  • Dispersing agents
  • Migrating agents
  • Levelling agents
  • Surfactants
  • Anionic wetting and penetrating agent
  • Synthetic thickeners
  • Emulsifiers
  • Basic dyes
  • Leather dyes
  • Elastomeric finish chemicals
  • Rubbery finish chemicals
  • Wool anti shrink softener
  • Cationic silicone softener
  • Hydrophilic softener

Textile machineries are also used for the purpose of finishing.