Textile Artist

 

A textile artist can be defined as an artist who is engaged in creating his or her art by utilizing different types of fibers, threads or fabrics. Textile artists forms an intrinsic part of textile tradition of any country. Textile Tradition is neither static nor geographically rigid and along with constant interaction between diverse cultures, the textile tradition gets influenced by each other. The textile art of various nations originates from indigenous textile crafts and reflects local cultural tradition and depicts its social significance.
Most of the countries possess a particular textile trait and textile artists of that country primarily concentrate on this trait by either enhancing its creativity or functional aspect or creating innovative textile fabrics and products by combining these traits. Textile artist not only incorporates beautiful images and color elements but also creates integrity of exquisite designs.

Textile fabric can be broadly categorized as textile furnishing fabric and textile apparel fabric. Textile Artists usually deals with a single or combination of these following fabrics.

Types of textile fabric

  • Cotton canvas
  • Plastic fabric
  • Chiffon fabric
  • Cotton fabric
  • Crepe fabric
  • Furnishing fabric
  • Industrial fabric
  • Jacquard fabric
  • Laminated fabric
  • Narrow fabric
  • Non woven fabric
  • Quilted fabric
  • Upholstery fabric
  • Woven fabric
  • Yarn dyed fabric

A textile artist needs the following skills and qualities.

  • A basic understanding of color, texture and pattern
  • Creativity and artistic sense
  • Adequate knowledge of various techniques and characteristics of different textile materials
  • Knowledge of recent market trends
  • Ability to work in a team
  • Knowledge of relevant soft wares used in textile designing

Textile artists are usually engaged in textile apparels or textile furnishings. Distinct style and tradition created by Indian textile artists

  • Silk and cotton weaving predominates the rich tradition of weaving in India. Silk weaving is most popular in various parts of the country. Assam, Banaras, Mysore, Surat, Kanchipuram and Surat are all important centers of silk weaving. All these centers specialize mostly in cotton and silk sari weaving and some of the popular traditional Indian saris are Banarasi, Patola, Baluchari, Pochampalli, Paithani and many others.
  • The ornate style of appliqué most commonly done bright colored fabrics from the Kutchh region of Gujarat is very popular in the country as well as in abroad.
  • The state of Punjab is famous for its phulkari work.
  • Lucknow, a city in Uttar Pradesh is famous for its chikan work.
  • The hilly region of the country produces a rich variety of woolen textiles. The pashmina and shahtoosh shawls of Kashmir, shawls and woolen garments of Himachal Pradesh and other north eastern states provides excellent examples of world famous woolen Indian textiles.
  • The home furnishing utilitarian textile products like bed spreads and sheets, pillows and cushions, linens and mats, curtains and napkins, carpets and rugs and many such other items are created by various textile artists from different parts of the country.

Apart from those mentioned, India enjoys global textile art as well as regional textile art practiced by artists from each and every region and state of the country..