Technical Textile


The Textile Institute defines technical textiles as the 'textile materials and products manufactured primarily for their technical and performance properties rather than their aesthetic or decorative characteristics '.

Technical Textiles has never been a single consistent industrial sector and market segment as it is continuously developing in different directions with varying speed and varying degree of success. The development of emerging geographical markets in China(Chinese textile) and other global industrial regions actively contributes in influencing the rapid growth of technical textile manufacturing in this century.

The term 'Industrial textile(link) was widely used for years to refer to any sort of textile product other than apparels, household or furnishing products. With the increasing textile application in the diverging fields of medicine, hygiene, sports, transport, agriculture and other non industrial purposes. Industrial textiles are categorized as a sub group of technical textiles and it specially comprises of those particular textile products which are utilized in the operational procedure of manufacturing.

Technical textiles are usually applied in the following 12 main areas

  • Agrotech comprises of agriculture, horticulture, aquaculture and forestry
  • Buildtech comprises of building and construction
  • Clothtech comprises of technical components of footwear and clothing.
  • Geotech comprises of technical components of geotextiles and civil engineering
  • Hometech comprises of technical components of furniture, household textiles and floor coverings.
  • Indutech comprises of filtration, conveying, cleaning and other industrial uses
  • Medtech comprises of medical field and hygiene
  • Mobiltech comprises of automobiles, shipping, railways and aerospace
  • Oekotech comprises of environmental protection
  • Packtech comprises of packaging
  • Protech comprises of personal and property protection
  • Sporttech comprises of sports and leisure

Technical textiles in various contexts are often referred to as performance textiles or functional textiles or engineered textiles or high-tech textiles.

Technical Textile fiber: Almost 90 % of the fibers(link to textile fabric) utilized to make technical textiles belong to the category of conventional fibers and the fibers specially developed to specifically use in technical textiles are not only expensive but often have limited applications.

Technical Textile products: Within the composites industry, woven, knitted braided, non woven(link) and wound reinforcements produced from glass, carbon fiber and organic polymer materials like aramids are presently accepted as technical textile products. .