Carpet and flooring tradition of India
History and sources
Carpets and floorings are an integral part of Indian homes. Carpets are generally made from wool and silk. However floorings like mats and durries are made up of a variety of material, ranging from wool, cotton, jute, coir, bamboo and grass.
One can trace the origins of carpet weaving tradition in India to the Mughal dynasty. It is said that when Babur came to India, he was disappointed by lack of luxuries here. He missed the luxuries of Persia, which included the Persian carpet. Akbar laid the foundation of carpet weaving tradition in India, in 1580 AD, when he brought some carpet weavers from Persia, at his palace in Agra. With their support he established carpet weavings centers at Agra, Delhi and Lahore to facilitate production of Persian styled carpets, which were inspired by designs of Kirman, Kashan, Isfahan, Herat, etc.
Mughals not only used the Persian technique of carpet weaving, but were also influenced by traditional designs and motifs from Persia. Mughal carpets were as intricate as their miniatures and often depicted court life, animals and floral decorations.
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