Mughal paintings of India date back to the period between the 16 th and 18 th century, when the Mughals ruled a large part of the country.
The art of Mughal painting was introduced by the Mughal emperor Humayun , when he returned to India after his exile in Persia. He invited two Persian artists, Mir Sayyid Ali and Abu-us-Samad to return with him. The Mughal paintings that developed from this influence are a keen blend of Indian, Persian and Islamic styles.
Mughal painting reached its acme during the reign of Akbar, and also flourished during Jahangir's rule, as well as Shah Jahan's.
The most popular themes with the Mughal artists were portraits, court scenes, hunting events and depictions of battle. Most of the painting was in the form of miniatures , and book illustrations.
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