Glassware Tradition of India



Ancient epic the Mahabharata has the reference of people making glass. Probably this is oldest reference of this novel handicraft. The Mughal rulers gave an impetus to the craft of glass making. Glass items such as perfume bottles, tumblers etc belonging to this period were made in different shapes and decorations. The Mughals had a fascination for colored glass.

The Mughals take the credit of introducing the art of glass engraving in India. Delicate foliated designs on glass objects, of this period reflects the high degree of skill of the craftsmen.

The present day glass making industry in India revolves around making items like, bottles, bangles, beads etc.

Bangles are an integral part of the traditional Indian jewelry. Glass bangles of different colors are very popular amongst the womenfolk of the Indian plains. Women in the villages of this region wear red glass bangles, which signifies that they are newly married. Glass bangles continue to be in vogue, with innumerable colors and patterns.

Ferozabad, in Uttar Pradesh, is known for the production of glass bangles and utilitarian glassware. An entire community of skilled craftsmen is located here and is engaged in making high quality glassware.

India is world famous for glass beads. Banaras is the main center for the production of glass beads. Purdilpur is famous for its black glass beads.

Ferozabad produces fragile and lightweight glass beads.

Traditional ornate paintings from Tanjore, depicting deities are made on glass, using gold.

In the urban areas of India there is a rage for fancy glass products and decorative pieces like, ornate glass chandeliers and lighting pieces, glass sculptures, engraved crockery etc.

Glass painting and stained glasswork are becoming popular these days and are all set to gain the status of a unique urban craft. People in the metropolitan cities have developed the taste for decorating the windowpanes of their homes with murals made from coloured glass.

Indian glass industry caters to the daily needs of the consumers and is responsible for making of a vast range of articles such as, crockery, bottles, stylish beads, paper weights, glass pens etc.

The International food plaza serves as a venue for different food festivals. In addition there are about twenty-five stalls from different states serving the special food items of those states. The stalls are let out for two years with the condition that they serve the special dish of each state.

The open-air stage is the focal point for holding special music, dance and other programs of different states. An entirely new vista opens up and the scene changes dramatically as models draped in traditional fabrics walk down the ramp in special shows.

The whole set-up and the sheer variety of items on display make a visit to Dilli Haat an attractive proposition for one and all.