Jugs are large containers with a handle and a narrow mouth. They are used to store or serve a large amount of liquid. Jugs have been present in households since times immemorial. Earlier they were used as containers to carry or store water for the purpose of bathing or washing utensils and clothes. The earliest excavations in any region have always unearthed a few jars. Since their structure does not follow a fixed pattern they can be shaped in any manner. They are mainly used to carry a large portion of liquid or water from one place to another. Jugs can be made of plastic, brass, steel, glass or clay. Jugs can be put to use in a kitchen, dining room or washroom, depending on its shape and material. Modern day jugs come in pretty colors and designs.

A jug almost always has a handle and a beak, so that it is easy to pour out the liquid inside it. Jugs should always be made of non-porous materials. Some jugs also come with a separate lid along with it or with a lid hinged to it. The lid prevents the liquid from spilling and any dirt or dust from contaminating the liquid. Jugs come in a variety of prices. The more ornate ones are priced higher than the simple ones, which are used on a daily basis. Certain custom-made jugs are also studded with precious and semi-precious stones, like rubies, emeralds or pieces of mirrors or even low-priced diamonds. A jug can be largely divided into three types: An ewer- it is a jug used to store or hold water. A pitcher- it has a longer sprout than the body. A kettle- it is a type of jug used for heating liquids. Jugs can also be used variously to store medicines or chemicals. In such cases the mouth of the jugs is closed tightly with a cap or cork. Jugs are made on a potter's wheel or casted in molds.


This type of jug originated in the 16th century in Germany. It is also called the bearded man jug. The jug has a spherical venter and a narrow neck. The neck is adorned by the mask of a bearded man. This jug is made of salt-glazed stoneware. It is also called a “Bellarmine,” used as a satire on Saint Robert Bellarmine. This jug was mainly found in Cologne and Frechen.


Oinochoe or oenochoe is a type of jug used to store or pour wine. It dates back to the classical period of Greek pottery. This container has a feminine grace to itself with a beautifully carved handle and a sprout. It was during the Renaissance and again during the neoclassical period of the 18th century that the oinochoe was revived.

Tigerware jugs:

Tigerware or Tygerware jugs dates back to the 16th- and 17th-century Germany. It is a type of stoneware, which has a brown, matted glaze. It is manufactured in the areas on the banks of Rhine like that of Cologne and Frechen. After being imported to England, Tigerware was imitated in delft and tin-glazed earthenware. Tin-glazed tigerware is called Malling jugs.

Rayy ware jugs:

The name is derived from the place, from where the style of pottery originated. It was found at Rayy, near Tehran. It is thought to date back to the 12th century. A kind of enamel painting called Minai is the most characteristic work of this type. The characteristics of Rayy ware are:

  • fine pottery with bold carving,
  • occasional piercing,
  • translucent glaze,
  • a range of matte colors,
  • silhouette decoration,
  • a wider mouth and neck,
  • a comparatively narrower base.
Wind Chimes in Feng Shui:

The literal translation of Feng Shui is wind and water, these being the most fundamental elements of life's energies. The flow of energy in Feng Shui is known as Chi. Positive Chi energy flow is essential for health, happiness and good fortune. Wind chimes are a way of increasing the positive Chi in one's life. The resonance of the wind chimes calms the mind and relieves stress. The musical tones of a wind chime enhance well being and expand awareness. They open your mind, increase relaxation and reduce anger and tension. The music of the wind chimes has a soothing and healing effect on the body and mind. The resonance and vibration produced by the sound clears emotional blockages and increases consciousness and one's awareness with spirit. The principles of Feng Shui believe that it can bring a sense of peace by connecting the mind, body and spirit. Nowadays many interior decorators use wind chimes to bring good luck and fortune to homes and offices. Different kinds of wind chimes work best in different environments. In order to get best results, wind chimes should be chosen of the material similar to the element of the direction that the wind chime will be facing. Metal wind chimes slow down energy flow in a building. They are best for West, Northwest and North corners of the building. Wooden wind chimes are good for use in the East, Southeast and South corners. The kind of luck that needs to be attracted or suppressed depends on the number of rods in the wind chime. A solid rod metal wind chime is used to suppress bad luck from beams or poison arrows. They are useful in pressing down bad energy and should be hung inside the house or office. 4, 6, 7, 8 or 18 rods are used to attract luck. Feng Shui principles assert that happiness and good fortune can be attracted by creating a balance of natural energies in the home. The rods in the wind chimes are made hollow to allow Chi to flow through it. Wind chimes are used to cure or rectify difficult situations. Wind chimes should not be hung directly above sleeping, sitting, eating or working spaces. This suppresses the energy flow. In case of shortage of space, the wind chime should be hung below waist level.

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