Textile Industry Structure



  • The Indian Textile industry is highly fragmented sector.
  • Industry is fully vertically integrated across the whole value chain and interconnected with various operations.
  • Textile Industry comprises small-scale, medium-scale, large-scale, non-integrated, spinning, weaving, finishing, and apparel-making firms and enterprises.
  • This is an unorganized sector and includes Handlooms, Powerloom, Hosiery, Knitting, Readymade Garments, Khadi, Carpet and Handicrafts manufacturing units.
  • The organized Mill Sector comprises of spinning Mills, and Composite Mills where spinning, weaving, and processing activities are done.
  • The Fibre and Yarn Sector of the textile industry includes Textile Fibers, Natural Fibers such as Cotton, Jute, Silk and Wool; Synthetic / Man-Made fibers such as Polyester, Viscose, Nylon, Acrylic and Polypropylene.
  • The Man-Made Textile Sector includes Fibre and Filament Yarn manufacturing units of Cellulosic and Non-Cellulosic origin. The Cellulosic Fibre/yarn Industry is controlled by the Ministry of Textiles, and the Non-Cellulosic Industry is controlled by the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.
  • India is the largest producer of Jute, the 2nd largest producer of Silk, the 3rd largest producer of Cotton and Cellulosic Fibre/Yarn and 5th largest producer of Synthetic Fibers/Yarn.