A sculpture is a three dimensional image that is crafted of various materials either by hand or by using tools.

History of Indian Sculpture:

The tradition of Indian sculpture is the oldest in the world, dating back to the Indus Valley civilization in which people made statues and figures of bronze and stone. Ever since then, Indian sculpture has refined and expanded in scope and established itself as one of the finest in the world. The sculptures in the Ellora caves are India's pride, as are the intricate sculptures that adorn India's temples. One has only to glance at the sculptures that adorn the temples of Khajuraho to recognize the talent of India's sculptors.

The ancient tradition of sculpting is still preserved in all its glory, and at the same time, artisans have innovated and introduced new forms of sculpting, working with diverse materials and exploring myriad themes.

Themes of Indian Sculpture:

Indian craftsmen have always been fascinated by figures from mythology and religion. Sculptures of Hindu gods

and goddesses, of other Hindu figures, of Buddha , and figures from Christianity and other religions have hence dominated their work. In addition, they have also carved beautiful statues and sculptures inspired by everyday life, as well as court life. India boasts of sculptures of animals, birds, and human figures. Indian artists also experiment with abstract sculpture and sculpture in other media.

Materials used for Sculpture:

In India, sculptures have been made of all kinds of raw material. While some of them have been created out of a single solid chunk of the material, others have been crafted in parts, and then joined together. Some of the materials used by artisans are:

  • Wood (link to article: Wood Sculptures ) (teak, rosewood, sandalwood, kikar, sal, walnut, mango, dhudi, among others)
  • Stone ( marble (link to article: Marble Sculptures ), jade, sandstone, soapstone, hydrostone, granite and others)
  • Bronze (link to article: Bronze Sculptures)
  • Brass
  • Papier mache
  • Fiber glass
  • Ceramic
  • Clay
  • Plaster
  • Ivory
  • Horn
  • Pewter
  • Gold
  • Silver
  • Terracotta
  • Ice
  • Sand
  • Glass

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