The Sanskrit term ‘Karma’ (kamma in Pali) literally means action. The shortest possible explanation of Karma is “you get what you give”. However in the religion of Buddhism, the theory of Karma signifies one’s intention or motivation while performing an action. Karma is also considered to be the law of moral causation. The mechanisms of Karma cannot be comprehended to some extent by ordinary human beings but can never be seen. The theory of Karma was widely prevalent in the Indian subcontinent even before the advent of Buddha. But this doctrine was modified into the current form by the Buddha. However the doctrine of Karma is not the prime cause behind everything. It is only one of the twenty-four conditions described in the Buddhist philosophy.

According to the principles of Buddhism the inequality of mankind is not only due to the heredity and environment. It solely depends on the Karma (action) of a particular individual.The doctrine of Karma explains that human beings are themselves responsible for their own happiness or misery. They are in fact the architects of their own fate and create their own Heaven or Hell. The idea behind karma in fact is not only found in the tenets of Hinduism and Buddhism but also forms an integral part of the holy scripture of Bible. The four laws of karma are: results are similar to the cause; no results without a cause; once an action is done, the result is never lost and Karma expands.

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